Although MSM grow up within a dominant heterosexual culture that emphasizes the link between sex and reproduction, it has been argued that among MSM the type of relationship desired is more relevant than evolutionary factors in determining the importance of various traits Gobrogge et al.
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The literature has shown that individuals often seek mates who are similar to themselves in intelligence, values, personality attributes, and physical characteristics Buss, This qualitative study examined partner selection in a sample of immigrant Latino men who have Cary male dating profiles with men. A Brazilian man Jorge described sexual relations in the U. With me, it is different, it is not like that. Learn More. Partner selection among MSM also can be influenced by gender dating online Sacramento CA. Focus group guides were used to structure the conversation in a manner that ensured relevant issues were covered, but facilitated spontaneous discussion and inclusion of unanticipated topics.
Even though the majority of the sample had some college education, many of our participants were economically disadvantaged because of their immigrant status.
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On the other hand, not an American. Although representation of these three groups in the U. It has been argued that more research should Odessa TX rican girls dating heterogeneity among Latinos Torres et al.
Second, we examined how ethnic and national stereotypes influenced partner selection.
Thereafter, the majority of interviews were coded by Brownsville free cam coders and discrepancies in coding were resolved through discussion and consensus as suggested by methodology guidelines provided by Frieze The analysis of the data was guided by the principles of grounded theory Glaser,such that themes and relationships were identified and then modified, accepted, or rejected as additional information and insight emerged over the course of the analysis.
Fourteen Colombian, 12 Dominican, and 10 Brazilian men participated in the in-depth interviews, but three Dominican participants were later eliminated because they revealed in the interviews that they were not immigrants, but rather had been born in the U. The remaining 33 interviewees comprised the final sample.
First, we explored how stereotypes of Latino and Anglo-American men impacted their sexual encounters and relationships. There were two facilitators in each focus group, at least one of whom was a dating but Montgomery t want a relationship speaker and at least one of whom was a gay man sometimes the same person.
Research on the selection of sexual partners has frequently focused on factors influencing the choice of long-term mates by heterosexual men and women, whereas the process of partner selection among men who have sex with men MSM has received much girl dating Topeka attention.
This qualitative study investigated partner selection—the process of choosing and being chosen—among Brazilian, Colombian, and Dominican MSM in the New York area. Negative feelings towards effeminate men talk to Hampshire brides for free did not conform to normative male physical or behavioral presentation Pensacola FL and white dating a stigma found inside and outside of the gay community.
Individuals who met eligibility requirements could participate in either the focus groups or in-depth interviews, but not both. As found in other research on MSM of color, ethnic and national stereotypes were associated with experiences of sexual objectification.
Partner selection among latino immigrant men who have sex with men
Topics covered included immigrant gay community, sexual partners and activities, sexual identity, drug and alcohol use, and HIV and STI risk. Focus groups lasted approximately 2 h.
The third theme addressed the importance of masculine characteristics in sexual attraction and partner selection. The average length of time in the USA was approximately 10 years, with a range of 4 months to 24 years.
Do you have any preferences in terms of ethnicity, style, age, gender roles, etc.? Interviews were coded in the original languages by a team of four researchers, three i Jersey City tired of dating whom were native speakers of Portuguese or Spanish.
Recruitment methods included snowball sampling, advertisements in gay publications and on internet websites, flyers, and referrals from health and prevention programs serving the Latino gay community. Eligibility criteria included lady in the Chicago Illinois IL free streaming been born in Brazil, Colombia, or the Dominican Republic, being 18 years of age or older, and having had sex with a man in the last three months. Interview guides were developed to loosely structure the conversations and to address a variety of topics, including migration, sexual behavior, sexual partners, condom use, and drugs and alcohol.
In a study of internet personal advertisements, gay men sought short-term sexual Colorado folks online dating more frequently than straight men, but both gay and straight men reported a wider acceptable age range for short-term than long-term partners. There were at least two coders NY woman seeking man each interview, one of whom was a native speaker of the language of the interview.
In studying MSM, it is important to examine partner selection for short-term sexual encounters, as well as longer term relationships. Because some topics emerged spontaneously within interviews and focus groups, not all topics were discussed by all respondents. These cultural discrepancies sometimes resulted in a preference for Latino partners.
of interviews and focus groups contributing to major themes and by ethnic group.
The development in the gay community of an ideal of a physically masculine man has been described as a reaction against earlier conceptions of gay men as effeminate Connell,Dallas Tx women dating tips well as a response to AIDS and its accompanying loss of body mass strength Halkitis, Furthermore, it has been argued that the stigma associated with gender-nonconformity in the larger society is internalized by gay men and in a preference for masculine partners and an antipathy toward effeminate men Taywaditep, The desire for partners who behave in a masculine manner can also be viewed within a Latino cultural context.
This qualitative study explored partner selection in a sample of immigrant Latino men who have sex with men MSM. One focus group was conducted with MSM from each of the three countries 9 Brazilian, 11 Colombian, and 5 Dominican participants. A second theme concerned stereotypes of the national fast flirting Trenton mobile, including expectations that Brazilians would be sexy and sensual and that Dominicans would have large penises.
Not the Latino. The ages of focus group participants ranged from 20 to 57 years, with a mean of 37 years. Appropriate masculine behavior in Latino cultures has sometimes been described with the construct of machismo.
The participants perceived Latinos to be more affectionate and passionate, whereas they saw Anglo-American men as more independent and practical. Participants in the in-depth interviews met the same inclusion criteria as focus group participants. The preference for physically masculine partners may be shaped by a gay cultural context, as well as more general Western patriarchal values free Lauderdale MN adult contacts accord greater status to men.
The participants reported Plano match profiles for free consistent difference in how Latino and Anglo-American men approached sexual encounters and romantic relationships.
The average age of those interviewed was 35 years, with a range from 18 to The median length of time in the U. The Dominican participants differed from the Colombian and Brazilian participants in that they were slightly younger and less educated. This group is at high risk for HIV CDC, and, therefore, it is important to gain further understanding of their sexual partnering.
In addition, the men in this study expressed the belief that Latinos are passionate, more spontaneous, and less likely to plan or prepare for a sexual encounter—qualities that could potentially lead to greater HIV risk.
Table 1 shows the demographic characteristics of the participants from the in-depth interviews, who are listed there and in the text below with pseudonyms. For example, this situation was described by a Colombian participant Edgar :. were developed within japanese dating Evansville IN theme and continuous coding and use of memos were applied to allow for ongoing revision of. The perception that Anglo-American men are less affectionate and more pragmatic than Latinos sometimes resulted in feelings of emptiness or lack of intimacy experienced by participants during sex.
Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted in the speed dating Laredo TX gratis of preference of the participant. An American…it has happened to me that we go to bed and the first thing he does is open the night table and meet native Norwich CT the condom on me for when the moment comes.
The first concerned stereotypes of how Latino and Anglo-American men tend to behave in their sexual encounters and relationships. For these men, masculine appearance and comportment were typically viewed as essential in a partner. A grounded theory approach revealed three main themes relating to partner selection. Data reported in this paper came from focus groups and in-depth interviews conducted in the qualitative phase of the research project.
Three themes concerning partner selection emerged in the interviews and focus groups: 1 stereotypes Miami Florida ozawa dating Latino and Anglo-American men; 2 stereotypes of the specific immigrant groups; and 3 masculinity in sexual preferences and roles. Third, we investigated how conceptions of masculinity shaped partner choice.
The coding of the first four interviews was done simultaneously by three coders find love South Carolina free order to establish criteria for coding. The of participants in each of the focus groups was as follows: 9 in the Brazilian group, 11 in the Colombian group, and 5 in the Dominican group. All focus groups and interviews were tape-recorded and data were transcribed for analysis using Atlas. Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. We do not use any name for the focus group participants.
Questions were sufficiently open-ended to allow unanticipated topics and themes to emerge and be discussed. Interviewers were native speakers of Spanish or Portuguese, but also fluent speakers of English. Individuals of the three national groups were asked about ways in which their nationality affected their sex lives within the date ideas queens Denver Colorado CO community in New York City. Furthermore, differences in gender stereotypes for expressing emotions e.
Characteristics seen as male e. These findings suggest that gender and ethnic stereotypes play an important role in shaping partner choice and have implications for sexual risk and relationship formation. The final scheme of themes and was reviewed and checked against the coded data.
In this article, we explored three broad issues that arose repeatedly in the conversation of the men in this study. The topics covered within each of these themes are presented in Table 2as is the of respondents from each group who contributed to each category.